Vittoriale degli italiani is Italian writer Gabriele D’Annunzio’s (1863-1938) estate in Gardone di Sopra, one of the two parts of Gardone-Riviera.

Aided by architect Giancarlo Maroni (1893-1952) starting in 1921, the extravagant and highly controversial artist for his open admiration of Italian fascists (he received Mussolini in his villa), built an extensive park on the premises of German art historian Heinrich (Henry) Thode’s former Villa Cargnacco. Thode had been dispossessed of his land in 1920, which was then assigned to D’Annunzio by way of donation.

In addition to D’Annunzio’s house, the 10-hectar premises today comprise parks, garden, an open-air theatre and the mausoleum. The greatest curiosity is an old battle ship in the eccentric man’s garden.